Today it is difficult to imagine everyday and professional life without access to the Internet. A permanent Internet connection is available in virtually every home and workplace. It also aims to be stable and reliable, and therefore supported by the latest technology. Currently, optical fiber is the most efficient way to deliver Internet services.
What is Optical Fiber?
In a physical sense fiber is a conduit for the transmission of information. Its unique feature is the fact that, unlike traditional types of cabling, it is not made of copper, but of glass fiber and other plastics. They enable the transport of light waves, and with them data, at a speed of up to 1 Tb per second.
The undoubted advantage of FTTH technology (Fiber to the Home) is the fact that it exhibits a very high resistance to interference. The signal quality is not affected by environmental conditions such as weather or temperature. Optical fiber is also not susceptible to electromagnetic interference. Thanks to the low PING factor, it also shows extremely low latency in access to the server.
Fiber-optic internet can be used wired or wirelessly. The latter feature is much less reliable when using FTTH technology than with other, older solutions. As the distance of the target device from the router increases, the signal strength decreases, but it happens much slower and less abruptly. In addition, there are additional devices compatible with the router - Wi-Fi signal amplifiers, which allow you to maintain a good quality connection even in large spaces and multi-storey buildings.
Fiber optic technology enables not only the provision of Internet services, but also telephone and television services. Multimedia services can be ordered independently or in packages.
How is the optical fiber installation process going?
To lead an optical fiber to a specific area, it is necessary to build an appropriate infrastructure there. It consists of 3 elements: the backhaul network, the vertical (distribution) network and the horizontal (installation) network.
The task of the backhaul network is to enable data transmission from the access point to the splitter (splitter), which further distributes the signal to users. The vertical network is installed inside a building (e.g. office building, apartment block), on the lowest available floor. From there, cabling goes up to the individual floors. The horizontal network distributes the signal from the cable box to individual premises - offices or apartments.
It very often happens that the infrastructure described above already exists in a given area. All you need to do to have a fast and reliable fiber-optic internet connection is to connect to the building's network or even only the premises.
In the case of detached buildings (e.g. residential houses outside the city), fiber optic connection is possible after prior submission of an appropriate declaration to the Office of Electronic Communications. The office informs about its positive consideration and further steps by phone or e-mail.
From the point of view of the individual user, the installation of the optical fiber is quick and hassle-free. Technicians employed by the service operator come to the indicated address on the date agreed with the client. The process of delivering fiber-optic internet to the apartment itself takes no more than 3 hours. It does not require breaking down walls or performing other invasive or noisy activities.
The fiber optic cable is only 6mm in diameter. It should be led from the cable box to the apartment, and then to the place where the router will stand. The device is connected with a cable to the so-called fiber optic distribution box, and then checks the correctness of the installation. If the test is successful, the connection of the building / apartment to the optical fiber network is considered completed.